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World Journal of Engineering
Research and Technology

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Engineering Research and Technology

ISSN 2454-695X

Impact Factor : 5.924

ICV : 79.45

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    Article are invited for publication in WJERT Coming Issue

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    MARCH 2023 Issue has been successfully launched on 1 March 2023.




Dr. Samer AL-Ratrout* and Rizeq Hammad


This paper examines the motifs in general, the types of ornamental expressions, and the rules and principles employed in ornamentation. It deals in particular with the Islamic motifs and the distinctive features of types of motifs. It introduces examples of motifs displayed on walls, doors and domes in interiors and exteriors. It reviews the specificity of Islamic motifs in comparison with the motifs in other civilizations. Artistic opinions of artists, architects and critics associated with such motifs is also presented. The paper inspects the specific philosophy in Islamic civilization these motifs expressed. These expressions lead to an independent paradigm that distinguished these Islamic motifs from any other prevailed motifs in other civilizations. Furthermore, the influence of Islamic motifs reached other civilizations and impacted related arts. The legitimacy of the excessive use of motifs is also discussed in this paper in whenever an exaggeration is perceived in the case of mosques. It examines the ornamentation compatibility with the Sharia scripts that decline the extravagance in the use of motifs in general, and in mosques in particular. Innovative computational design and simulation tools are also introduced in the paper. Emergent architecture thinking is presented and progress anticipations are raised up into awareness.

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