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World Journal of Engineering
Research and Technology

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Engineering Research and Technology

ISSN 2454-695X

Impact Factor : 5.218

ICV : 79.45

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Abstract

DEVELOPMENT OF AN INTERNET OF THINGS PIPELINE MONITORING SYSTEM

K. C. Anyanwu*, G. A. Chukwudebe and R. E. Ogu

ABSTRACT

This paper presents an Internet of Things Pipeline Monitoring System (IoTPMS) for onshore crude oil pipelines. The IoTPMS prototype developed in this research comprises of an Arduino Mega 2560 microcontroller, an Arduino Wi-Fi shield 101, a HC-SR501 PIR motion detection sensor, a YF-S201 flow rate sensor, a power supply unit and the ThingSpeak platform. A waterfall software model was used to develop the design requirements and specifications of the IoTPMS prototype and also to program the assembled and interconnected hardware components of the system. With the implementation of this model, once the IoTPMS prototype is put in operating condition using the demonstration apparatus and powered ON, it scans for available Wi-Fi networks and connects to a configured Wi-Fi network. As long as it stays connected to the Wi-Fi network, it will be getting intrusion and flow rate data from the sensors and uploading these data to the Pipeline Monitoring System channel on the ThingSpeak platform. The result of this work is a fully functional IoTPMS prototype that can monitor the flow rate of the fluid flowing through onshore crude oil pipelines, third-party intrusion along the right of way of onshore crude oil pipelines and transmits these data and location through the Internet to a secure ThingSpeak IoTPMS channel every 20 seconds for data analysis and real-time remote monitoring of onshore crude oil pipelines to ensure their safety.

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