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World Journal of Engineering
Research and Technology

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Engineering Research and Technology

ISSN 2454-695X

Impact Factor : 5.924

ICV : 79.45

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Indexing

Abstract

APPLICATION OF SPANNING TREE TO OPTIMIZE THE GARBAGE COLLECTION UNITS

Dr. Swapan Kumar Maity*

ABSTRACT

Municipal Solid Waste Management (MSWM) is a burning issue in our society. It is a burning problem to resolve the issue pertaining to the Municipal Solid Waste Management (MSWM) namely wastes generated in medium and large urban centres, have become a relatively difficult problem to solve. To promote sustainable development, waste management has evolved into material flow management in many developed countries, and included careful handling of raw materials and reduction of emissions as well as climate/environment protection. But it is different in other parts of the world especially in a large number of developing countries. In developed countries material flow management has been emphasized in the waste management. Major portion of solid waste generated are disposed of on earth in a casual manner. In cities and towns this crisis is acute as the waste disposal facility is not sufficient enough in comparison to the waste generated in that particular area. Dumping of waste/ garbage are found in scattered manner in every nook and corner of the city. Thus transportation of those wastes in effective way is one of the major problems in Municipal Solid Waste Management. The incapability to fully optimize code in a garbage-collected system is a hidden cost of garbage collection. The inability of collection of garbage in a scientific way by Municipal Authority leads to increase the overall garbage collection cost to great extent. So, it is the need of the hour that the effective method should be incorporated by the Municipal Authority for collection of the garbage efficiently. In most of the cases it is found that there is a lack of planning for establishment of garbage collection unit or bin as well as selection of garbage transportation pathways. There are several works on garbage transportation pathway but no significant works have been carried out so far for finding the optimized solution for garbage collection units. In this chapter a novel method is described for finding such optimized and cost effective method for such garbage collection unit in a Municipality.

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