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World Journal of Engineering
Research and Technology

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Engineering Research and Technology

ISSN 2454-695X

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ICV : 79.45

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Indexing

Abstract

ECO INNOVATION; COMPUTER SIMULATION IN CASSAVA GRATING MACHINE

Rufus Ogbuka Chime*

ABSTRACT

Closer attention has been paid recently to innovations in mechanical engineering as a way to motivate industrial owners and policy makers to work towards more radical and systemic improvements in environmental performance and. eco innovation. The positive contribution that industry can make to sustainable development and a competitive economy hinges on a radical change from old and moribund method of production to modern invocation using computer tools like simulations mechanisms. Computer simulations have become a useful tool for the design and modeling of many industrial systems in field of physics (computational physics), astrophysics, climatology, chemistry, biology and manufacturing, human systems in economics, psychology, social science, healthcare and engineering. Simulation of a system is represented as the running of the system's model. Computer simulation is used to explore and gain new and wider insights into the modern technology and to evaluate the performance of systems too complex for analytical solution. Improvement of nutritional values of processed products also requires special attention from policymakers and researchers. The application of computer simulation model in designing and construction of industrial tools, processing plants, etc. has become very essential because of its flexibility and its economical usefulness in achieving a better result in given environment and time. Cassava is frequently denigrated because its roots are low in protein. However, protein may be supplemented from other sources, particularly legumes; for example, fortification of cassava flour or garri with protein-rich soy flour can be achieved. Such fortified products will be nutritionally advantageous, and thus economical and acceptable to consumers. Cassava is a major source of carbohydrates in human diet. It is widely cultivated and serves as a major source of income in countries like Brazil, India and most West African countries including Nigeria. The tubers of cassava cannot be stored longer after harvest before decaying. Due to this short storage period of the tubers, cassava tubers are further processed into other forms to enhance its storage and to serve other purposes. In Nigeria, the major uses of cassava tubers are to process it into garri for consumption and commercial purposes. The rate of garri consumption in Nigeria and West Africa, in general, increases due to its low cost and availability to the poor, and can be measured in small cups. The growing demand for this root crop by the majority of population and the strenuous processing method actually instigated the interest of industrial engineers and business sector to device means to get cassava processed in a very short time at low cost and environmentally friends to. And this has become an issue of great concern not only to the end users but also to those that cultivate cassava in a commercial quantity. Processing of cassava tubers into garri after harvesting involves different stages starting with the peeling, washing, grating into cassava pulp, dehydrating the pulp, sieving the cake and finally frying. One of these processes which is the grating led to the development of various types of cassava grating machines. A faster means of achieving this objective, economically, environmentally friendly and in a specific time frame is what this design project is set to achieve using the eco-innovations through computer simulation.

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