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World Journal of Engineering
Research and Technology

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Engineering Research and Technology

ISSN 2454-695X

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Abstract

INTERVAL TRAINING OF 2 X 800 METERS BETTER THAN 4 X 400 METERS IN INCREASING PHYSICAL FITNESS OF BPBD OFFICERS IN DENPASAR-BALI

R. Ardy Ganggas* and Agustinus Dei

ABSTRACT

Physical fitness is something that must be owned by employees of the Regional Disaster Management Agency (Badan Penanggulangan Bencana Daerah / BPBD). Evaluation results show that the level of physical fitness of BPBD employees is still lacking. This is because the training methods applied are not appropriate. For this reason, research needs to be conducted to find the right training methods to improve physical fitness. This study used a randomized pre and post test control group design design involving 27 BPBD Denpasar staff as samples. Of this amount then allocated into 3 groups. Group-1 (Control Group) is given the old model training, namely line-up training, Group-2 is given 2 X 800 meter interval training interspersed with the road for 6 minutes, and Group-3 is given 4 X 400 meter interval training, interspersed with the road for 2 minutes . The duration of training is 8 weeks with a frequency of 3 times per week. The difference in mean travel time of running 2.4 kilometers between pre-posttest in each group was tested by t-paired while the mean difference between the three groups was tested by ANOVA test. The next test is the Post Hoc LSD test on significance (? = 0.05). From the analysis of the data it was found that Group-1 only gave an increase in physical fitness by 4.5% (p > 0.05), Group-2 gave an increase of 22.7%, (p < 0.05), and Group-3 provided an increase of 13.9% (p < 0.05). The difference in physical fitness improvement between Group-1 and Group-2 was 18.89% (p <0.05), between Group-1 and Group-3 was 9.84% (p <0.05), and between Group-1 with Group-3 at 10.11% (p < 0.05). So the 2 X 800 meter interval training is better than the 4 X 400 meter and the Control Group in improving physical fitness. Where Group-1 is in the poor category, Group-2 is in the good category, and Group-3 is in the moderate category.

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