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INITIAL STUDIES OF WATER RESOURCES ADVANCEMENT IN RELATION TO IRRIGATIONAL REQUIREMENTS IN A NOMINATED GRANGE IN CALABAR, SOUTHERN NIGERIA
*Antigha R. E., James A. O, Egbe J. G., Bassey G. I., Ibiang I. E. and Ekeng I.B.
A nominated farmstead in the southern part of Nigeria was selected for water resources advancement studies. The objectives of the study were to obtain the available moisture content of the arable land area; obtain the rainfall data of the catchment by direct measurement with non- recording rain gauges; obtain the infiltration data from the catchment by the use of the double ring infiltrometer; parcellate the arable land area into plots to obtain measurable irrigated portions and finally, to subject all data obtained into statistical analyses using SPSS The model summary showed an adjusted R of 0.171 with a standard error of 0.0506 from 16 observations. The multiple R was 0.58 while the R2 was 0.337. Since the R2 is the measure of the strength of the relationship between the model and the dependent variable, the model was adjudged a poor one as approximately only 34% of the irrigational activities of the farm could be accounted for by the model. The final model for the irrigational processes in the area was given as, Y = -0.0179 +0.000006X1 + 0.015X2 – 0.00012X3. It was therefore recommended that every apparatus of the hydrological cycle, and the influence of human activities on it, need to be understood and quantified to proficiently and sustainably develop and protect our water resources.[Full Text Article]