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World Journal of Engineering
Research and Technology

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Engineering Research and Technology

ISSN 2454-695X

Impact Factor : 5.924

ICV : 79.45

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Indexing

Abstract

IMPROVING DESIGN MANAGEMENT IN PALM KERNEL NUT CRACKING AND SEPERATING MACHINE ANALYSIS

*Rufus Ogbuka Chime and Emmanuel Anayo Agwu

ABSTRACT

Every one of us is a manager of projects of our own life. From a house wife to an employee to financial analyst, from banker to doctor, from engineer to administrator, from a teacher to a student, we all work on different tasks with deadlines. Regardless of our occupation, norms, or location in an organization, we all work on tasks that are full of risks and involve people who do not usually work together. The project may have a simple goal that does not need many people or a great deal of money or it may be quite complex, calling for diverse skills and overabundance of resources. But the bottom line is that every one of us manages project. Palm kernel is eatable seed of the oil palm tree and the fruit is commonly known for its usefulness in producing two types of oil; palm kernel oil from the kernels and palm oil from the fleshy parts of the fruit. Palm kernel is originally from Africa especially Nigeria, Guinea, Angola and the Gambia before spreading to other parts of the world. The oil palm plant is one of the most important crops grown in the tropics. Nigerian is known as one of the leading exporters of palm oil. There are basically three distinct varieties of palm kernel fruit. These are the Dura, Tenera and Pisifera. The Dura have large kernel, Tenera have medium kernel, and Pisifera have small or no kernel. The palm oil plant is a cash crop that has a wide variety of uses through the oil extracted from the seed and from the fleshy part of the plant. Palm oil is mainly used for the manufacture of soap, production of margarine, lubricating oils, and candle. It is also used in tin plate and sheetsteel industries. Palm kernel oil has application in the making of soap, margarine and drugs etc. The kernels are not useful until the kernels are separated from the shell, however, the usual way of cracking palm nut to get kernel is a time consuming and labor intensive process The machine was developed to tailor for all the physical characteristics of the palm kernels varieties such as the different sizes of palm kernel nuts , the shell and kernel „The objective of design management is to develop and maintain an efficient business environment in which an organization can achieve its strategic and mission goals through design . As a result of researching innovation have been made to solve the problem of traditional method by using mechanized type. our aim is to ensure that the product can be manufactured at a feasible cost, presented followed by the computer-based area of virtual manufacturing for simulating manufacturing operations, Simulation analysis of the models and design was carried out using Autodesk inventor professional application. The machine was designed using solid work/solid edge and Microsoft Project software. The efficiency of the machine, its associated cost of production and the product obtained after few minutes of cracking were outstanding, thereby, making the design acceptable and cost effective

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